-A Superb RIDDEN sport horse-
This article will present a brief outline of the Standardbred to give you a introduction to its range of talents and its suitability for you sport horse projects.
The full history of this fascinating breed and is history as a RIDDEN sport horse, including its unsurpassed talent for jumping, as well as its benefit for the sport horse breeder of today will be provided in detail in Standardbred Sport Horses (which will be available for purchase this winter).
Just like our other sport breeds in this country, the Standardbred is based on the genetics of our original sport horse breed: the American Running Horse. The American Running Horse is a cousin to the English Thoroughbred as both came from the same root stock: the Irish Hobby, Scottish Galloway and English Running Horse; and here is the curious part- their development was simultaneous, that is both became a set breed with performance standards in place by the mid-1600s. This means all three of America's racehorse breeds: Quarter Horse, American Thoroughbred and the Standardbred, as well as the English Thoroughbred are siblings
Our Colonial Running Horse was originally a gaited race-saddle horse with tremendous sprint speed at both the pace and the gallop, with great stamina as well it could easily run 4-mile heat races several times a day. With contrast to all this athletic ability was its sweet gentle temperament which made it a favorite mount for everyone- they were the preferred saddle horse of the day. The Standardbred has retained this lovely disposition.
The Standardbred only came into being in 1879 when the equine scholar and breed organizer John Wallace created his second registry for trotting horses (his first was for the American Trotter with a performance standard of 2:40 minute miles). But our passion for a fast trotter started earlier than this, and America formed its first trotting breed in 1818 when a three-minute mile standardbred had been set for the breeders, and it became a wildly successful breed not just here, but abroad. The new American Trotter went to England, Europe and even Russia where it won so handily that al other trotting breeds brought in our stock to improve their own speed and trot form.The importation of our American Trotter began in 1829 but by the late 1800s was being imported in huge numbers, and today the sport horse breeder will see their own American bloodlines behind many of the great sport horses of today--even the sacred Alme SF has some American Trotter in his background. It was the the speed--we had more of it. And it all goes back to the our first racehorse breed which was the carrier of the speed to all our stock. Plus our American Trotter and the pacing Running Horse were ridden race and sport horses, and were valued as Hunter Horses because all of them had a big jump and a calm disposition so they did not loose their head during the excitement of the chase. All of this happened before the Standardbred came into being.
John Wallace opened a registry for the American Trotter in 1871 with a standard of a 2:40 mile. Then in 1879 he opened a new Register for those Trotters that could do the mile in 2:30 or less--this was the birth of the Standardbred.. Many of the entries were registered American Trotters, others came from the Running Horse or Morgan horse populations.
We usually use our Thoroughbred for the up-grader or base of our sport horse- it is traditional after all, but it is not our only choice and you can get the speed, stamina and athletic prowess from one of our other racehorses.
The skill and ability that the modern Standardbred has demonstrated in harness racing has eclipsed its saddle uses in our minds, but in the first half of the 20th century it was also shown as a combination horse, a gaited saddle horse and a "walk, trot, canter" horse in horse shows and still used as a Hunter. In addition it was one of the chosen breeds from which the cavalry picked its breeding stock for the production of both the cavalry mount and its international sport horse.
The greatest American 3-day event horse was a little mare named Jenny Camp who won the individual silver and team gold medals in the 1932 Olympics and she came back in 1936 to take the individual silver again. Jenny was 3/4 Thoroughbred and 1/4 was Standardbred. This sport success was not a fluke as her full brother Don R was on the 1932 Olympic jump team. Standardbred mares were a top choice for crossing on the Remount Thoroughbred stallions.
The trot and the pace are the intermediate gaits between the walk and the gallop. A horse can be 'dual-gaited', able to both trot and pace. Our original racehorse was gaited only- the trotting strains emerged with the addition of other bloodlines. For instance our New England Running Horse strain was called the Narragansett Pacer; its speed was timed in the early 1700s as pacing a mile in less than 2:30 minutes. Additions of the Colonial Dutch Cob into the breeding population produced a trot in some stains. There is no need to go into the full history of our colonial racing industry and the bloodlines it spawned in Standardbred Sport Horses. The base breed components that made up the genetics of the Standardbred were the pacing and galloping branches of the Running Horse, the Canadian Pacer, Morgan Horse and the English Thoroughbred
So in what way are these harness racers a resource for the sport horse breeder?
1. They are a racehorse of the highest class and therefore can be a source of speed and impulsion for our sport horse recipe, and so then they can stand as a substitute for our Thoroughbred or used in conjunction with it.
2. They have retained the sweet temperament of our original Running Horse making them both a joy to work with and a suitable mount for the amateur.
3. They are extremely versatile and can be ridden as well as driven.
4. They are excelling at dressage, jump, event and driving today.
Because of their success as a harness racer we have forgotten that until 1840 they were usually ridden in races, the pacers still were regularly ridden until the late 1800s. The pacing Running Horses are also part of the foundation stock of our talented saddle horse breeds.
Next to the Thoroughbred and probably equal to it, the Standardbred carries the greatest amount of jumping traits then any other breed. This statement may seem crazy to you, but if you have ridden a Standardbred it doesn't. Also I traced the jumping trait back through time to its root source, which happened to be an early English Thoroughbred, and every successful jumping horse carries 'critical mass' in this horse in its background, and the good jumpers, have strong pedigree focal points consolidating this talent--all this is laid out in Standardbred Sport Horses. In tracing this trait it became apparent that the Standardbred as a breed carries 'critical mass' in this trait as well. This should not surprise any of us who have been noting the breeds presence in some of the greatest jumpers or purveyors of jump. For example Galoubet A SF, who heads the greatest modern day jump dynasty is 25% American Trotter. And of course there is Halla HE, the highest gold medal holder in Olympic jumping, and she is 50% Standardbred. What is surprising even me is that there appears to be tremendous dressage talent also traveling down some of the Standardbred lines.
click here to read about some top performers in Olympic style sport that are full Standardbred
It isn't just Olympic level competitors that have discovered the quality in the Standardbred, this breed has proven it is a perfect choice for the amateur also. Their agreeable disposition combined with their versatile athletic abilities make them a good choice for riders of any discipline, any age and any competition level.
In 2010 the US Trotting Association proved this point when they presented 8 Standardbreds from across the country at the World Equestrian Games in Kentucky. These amateur competitors demonstrated the expertise they had achieved in their respective sports: driving of course, show jumping, eventing, dressage, hunter and western disciplines.
See Standardbreds shine at the WEG!
Standardbred Sport Bloodlines
American Sport Sources